Manipulation of Water Jet Trajectory by a Nonuniform Electric Field in Water Jet Material Processing

Satyabrata Mohanty, Kornel Ehmann, Jian Cao

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7 Scopus citations


In spite of its applications in macromanufacturing processes, water jet processing has not been extensively applied to the field of micromanufacturing owing to its poor tolerance and lack of effective control of the jet impingement position. This paper investigates the phenomenon of liquid dielectrophoresis (LDEP) using a localized nonuniform static electric field to deflect and control the jet's trajectory at the microscale for a water jet in air. A new analytical modeling approach has been attempted by representing the stable length of a water jet as a deformable solid dielectric beam to solve for the deflection of the jet under the action of the electric field. This method bypasses the complicated flow analysis of the water jet in air and focuses specially on the effect of the electric field on the trajectory of a laminar water jet within the working length. The numerical analysis of the phenomena for this electrode configuration was carried out using comsol. Preliminary proof-of-concept experiments were conducted on a 350 μm diameter sized water jet flowing at 0.6 m/s using a pin plate electrode configuration where a deflection of around 10 deg was observed at 2000 V. The results from the simulation are in good agreement with the results obtained in the preliminary experiments. This novel approach of modeling the water jet as a deformable dielectric beam might be useful in numerous applications involving precise control of the water jet's trajectory particularly in microwater jet material processing.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number021003
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Micro and Nano-Manufacturing
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2016


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