Manual wheelchair propulsion torque and power outputs in different skill groups

Seonhong Hwang, Seunghyeon Kim, Jongsang Son, Youngho Kim*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Manual wheelchair users have a high risk of injuries to the upper extremities due to the mechanical inefficiency of wheelchair propulsion motion. The kinetic analysis of the upper extremities during manual wheelchair propulsion in various conditions needed to be investigated. We developed and calibrated a wheelchair dynamometer for measuring kinetic parameters during wheelchair propulsion. We utilized the dynamometer to investigate and compare the propulsion torque and power of skilled and unskilled users under four different conditions. Skilled manual wheelchair users generated smaller torques with larger power than unskilled users and reacted alertly and sensitively to changing conditions. We expect that the results of this study may help to quantitatively evaluate the mechanical efficiency of manual wheelchair propulsion.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)349-357
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Biomechanical Science and Engineering
Issue number4 SUPPL
StatePublished - 2012


  • Manual
  • Propulsion
  • Propulsion power
  • Propulsion torque
  • Wheelchair

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biomedical Engineering


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