Manufacturing of advanced smart tooling for metal forming

Jian Cao*, Ekkard Brinksmeier, Mingwang Fu, Robert X. Gao, Biao Liang, Marion Merklein, Michael Schmidt, Jun Yanagimoto

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

73 Scopus citations


Forming is widely used due to its high efficiency in material utilization and its high production rate in general. Most forming processes control the geometry of final products through a set of tooling. The increasing demands on lightweight products have challenged the performances and functionalities of tooling. This paper provides a systematic review of recent advancements related to tooling performance and functionalities, including tool materials, tooling fabrication processes (e.g., machining, heat treatment, coating, surface texturing, and additive manufacturing), sensing, and data analytics. Finally, recommendations on future research directions for metal forming tooling are provided.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)605-628
Number of pages24
JournalCIRP Annals
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2019


  • Integration
  • Metal forming
  • Smart tooling

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering


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