Many faces of SF3B1-mutated myeloid neoplasms: concurrent mutational profiles contribute to the diverse clinical and morphologic features

Barina Aqil*, Madina Sukhanova, Amir Behdad, Lawrence Jennings, Xinyan Lu, Qing Chen, Yi Hua Chen, Juehua Gao

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Splicing factor SF3B1 mutation occurs in 20–30% of myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) and myelodysplasia/myeloproliferative neoplasm (MDS/MPN), particularly those with ring sideroblasts (RS), and rarely in acute myeloid leukemia (AML). In this study, we performed a comprehensive evaluation of 77 SF3B1-mutated myeloid neoplasms (45 MDS, 18 MDS/MPN, 13 AML, and 1 MPN), including their clinical presentations, morphologic features, cytogenetic studies, and targeted next-generation sequencing. Our study demonstrated that concurrent gene mutations were very different in SF3B1-mutated MDS, MDS/MPN, and AML. MDS cases were frequently characterized by either sole SF3B1 mutation or in combination with TET2 mutation. Acquiring additional mutations in transcription factors, such as RUNX1 and GATA2, were associated with increased blasts and progression to AML in patients with MDS or MDS/MPN. Our study also demonstrated that SF3B1-mutated MDS/MPN was not only associated with thrombocytosis (5/18, 27.7%), defined by the current WHO classification as MDS/MPN-RS-T, but also associated with neutrophilia (6/18, 33.3%), monocytosis (6/18, 33.3%), and mastocytosis (1/18, 5.6%). Our results indicate that although SF3B1-mutated myeloid neoplasms in general have a good prognosis, evaluation of the concurrent gene mutational profile is important for risk stratification. In addition, our study, in combination with other published data, suggests that the category of MDS/MPN-RS-T in the current WHO classification could be expanded to include SF3B1-mutated MDS/MPN-RS with peripheral leukocytosis such as neutrophilia and monocytosis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)81-89
Number of pages9
JournalHuman pathology
Volume129
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2022

Keywords

  • MDS/MPN-RS-T
  • Myeloid neoplasms
  • SF3B1 mutations

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine

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