Masking release due to linguistic and phonetic dissimilarity between the target and masker speech

Lauren Calandruccio*, Susanne Brouwer, Kristin J. Van Engen, Sumitrajit Dhar, Ann R. Bradlow

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: To investigate masking release for speech maskers for linguistically and phonetically close (English and Dutch) and distant (English and Mandarin) language pairs. Method: Thirty-two monolingual speakers of English with normal audiometric thresholds participated in the study. Data are reported for an English sentence recognition task in English and for Dutch and Mandarin competing speech maskers (Experiment 1) and noise maskers (Experiment 2) that were matched either to the long-term average speech spectra or to the temporal modulations of the speech maskers from Experiment 1. Results: Listener performance increased as the target-to-masker linguistic distance increased (English-in-English < English-in-Dutch < English-in-Mandarin). Conclusion: Spectral differences between maskers can account for some, but not all, of the variation in performance between maskers; however, temporal differences did not seem to play a significant role.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)157-164
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican Journal of Audiology
Volume22
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2013

Keywords

  • Masking
  • Native and nonnative English speech perception

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Speech and Hearing

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