Mast cells as modulators of T-cell responses

Blayne Amir Sayed, Melissa A. Brown*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

79 Scopus citations

Abstract

Although mast cells have long been considered the integral effector cell in allergy and atopic disease, the paradigm of mast cell function is now evolving to incorporate data showing that mast cells make innumerable contributions to both protective and pathologic immune responses. Mast cells express cell surface molecules with costimulatory or co-inhibitory activity and produce a multitude of mediators that can direct dendritic cell (DC) or T-cell differentiation and function. In addition, mast cells exhibit a widespread distribution and are in close proximity to DCs and T cells at several critical sites. While there has been amazing progress in characterizing mast cell populations in vitro, only recently has the ability to monitor their in vivo effects become a reality. In this review, we discuss the evolution of our understanding of mast cell biology with an emphasis on their established and hypothesized roles in influencing T-cell differentiation and function. The fact that T-cell and mast cell interactions exist and are a normal component of most adaptive immune responses is one of the best illustrations of the now established concept that innate and adaptive immunity are not completely independent entities.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)53-64
Number of pages12
JournalImmunological Reviews
Volume217
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2007

Keywords

  • Autoimmunity
  • Dendritic cells
  • EAE
  • Mast cells
  • T-helper cells

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

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