Materials and techniques of Islamic manuscripts

Penley Knipe, Katherine Eremin*, Marc Walton, Agnese Babini, Georgina Rayner

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Over 50 works on paper from Egypt, Iraq, Iran and Central Asia dated from the 13th to 19th centuries were examined and analyzed at the Straus Center for Conservation and Technical Studies. Forty-six of these were detached folios, some of which had been removed from the same dispersed manuscript. Paintings and illuminations from five intact manuscripts were also examined and analyzed, although not all of the individual works were included. The study was undertaken to better understand the materials and techniques used to create paintings and illuminations from the Islamic World, with particular attention paid to the diversity of greens, blues and yellows present. The research aimed to determine the full range of colorants, the extent of pigment mixing and the various preparatory drawing materials. The issue of binding materials was also addressed, albeit in a preliminary way.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number55
JournalHeritage Science
Issue number1
StatePublished - Dec 1 2018


  • FTIR
  • Hyperspectral imaging
  • Imaging
  • Islamic manuscript
  • Islamic painting
  • Raman
  • XRF

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Conservation
  • Archaeology
  • Archaeology

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