Maternal diabetes modulates renal morphogenesis in offspring

Stella Tran, Yun Wen Chen, Isabelle Chenier, John S D Chan, Susan Quaggin, Marie Josée Hébert, Julie R. Ingelfinger, Shao Ling Zhang*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

71 Scopus citations

Abstract

Maternal diabetes leads to an adverse in utero environment, but whether maternal diabetes impairs nephrogenesis is unknown. Diabetes was induced with streptozotocin in pregnant Hoxb7-green fluorescence protein mice at embryonic day 13, and the offspring were examined at several time points after birth. Compared with offspring of nondiabetic controls, offspring of diabetic mice had lower body weight, body size, kidney weight, and nephron number. The observed renal dysmorphogenesis may be the result of increased apoptosis, because immunohistochemical analysis revealed significantly more apoptotic podocytes as well as increased active caspase-3 immunostaining in the renal tubules compared with control mice. Regarding potential mediators of these differences, offspring of diabetic mice had increased expression of intrarenal angiotensinogen and renin mRNA, upregulation of NF-κB isoforms p50 and p65, and activation of the NF-κB pathway. In conclusion, maternal diabetes impairs nephrogenesis, possibly via enhanced intrarenal activation of the renin-angiotensin system and NF-κB signaling.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)943-952
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of the American Society of Nephrology
Volume19
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2008

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nephrology

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