Mavacamten in Patients with Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy Referred for Septal Reduction: Week 56 Results from the VALOR-HCM Randomized Clinical Trial

Milind Y. Desai*, Anjali Owens, Kathy Wolski, Jeffrey B. Geske, Sara Saberi, Andrew Wang, Mark Sherrid, Paul C. Cremer, Neal K. Lakdawala, Albree Tower-Rader, David Fermin, Srihari S. Naidu, Nicholas G. Smedira, Hartzell Schaff, Ellen McErlean, Christina Sewell, Lana Mudarris, Zhiqun Gong, Kathy Lampl, Amy J. SehnertSteven E. Nissen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations

Abstract

Importance: There is an unmet need for novel medical therapies before recommending invasive therapies for patients with severely symptomatic obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). Mavacamten has been shown to improve left ventricular outflow tract (LVOT) gradient and symptoms and may thus reduce the short-term need for septal reduction therapy (SRT). Objective: To examine the cumulative longer-term effect of mavacamten on the need for SRT through week 56. Design, Setting, and Participants: This was a double-blind, placebo-controlled, multicenter, randomized clinical trial with placebo crossover at 16 weeks, conducted from July 2020 to November 2022. Participants were recruited from 19 US HCM centers. Included in the trial were patients with obstructive HCM (New York Heart Association class III/IV) referred for SRT. Study data were analyzed April to August 2023. Interventions: Patients initially assigned to mavacamten at baseline continued the drug for 56 weeks, and patients taking placebo crossed over to mavacamten from week 16 to week 56 (40-week exposure). Dose titrations were performed using echocardiographic LVOT gradient and LV ejection fraction (LVEF) measurements. Main Outcome and Measure: Proportion of patients undergoing SRT, remaining guideline eligible or unevaluable SRT status at week 56. Results: Of 112 patients with highly symptomatic obstructive HCM, 108 (mean [SD] age, 60.3 [12.5] years; 54 male [50.0%]) qualified for the week 56 evaluation. At week 56, 5 of 56 patients (8.9%) in the original mavacamten group (3 underwent SRT, 1 was SRT eligible, and 1 was not SRT evaluable) and 10 of 52 patients (19.2%) in the placebo crossover group (3 underwent SRT, 4 were SRT eligible, and 3 were not SRT evaluable) met the composite end point. A total of 96 of 108 patients (89%) continued mavacamten long term. Between the mavacamten and placebo-to-mavacamten groups, respectively, after 56 weeks, there was a sustained reduction in resting (mean difference, -34.0 mm Hg; 95% CI, -43.5 to -24.5 mm Hg and -33.2 mm Hg; 95% CI, -41.9 to -24.5 mm Hg) and Valsalva (mean difference, -45.6 mm Hg; 95% CI, -56.5 to -34.6 mm Hg and -54.6 mm Hg; 95% CI, -66.0 to -43.3 mm Hg) LVOT gradients. Similarly, there was an improvement in NYHA class of 1 or higher in 51 of 55 patients (93%) in the original mavacamten group and in 37 of 51 patients (73%) in the placebo crossover group. Overall, 12 of 108 patients (11.1%; 95% CI, 5.87%-18.60%), which represents 7 of 56 patients (12.5%) in the original mavacamten group and 5 of 52 patients (9.6%) in the placebo crossover group, had an LVEF less than 50% (2 with LVEF ≤30%, one of whom died), and 9 of 12 patients (75%) continued treatment. Conclusions and Relevance: Results of this randomized clinical trial showed that in patients with symptomatic obstructive HCM, mavacamten reduced the need for SRT at week 56, with sustained improvements in LVOT gradients and symptoms. Although this represents a useful therapeutic option, given the potential risk of LV systolic dysfunction, there is a continued need for close monitoring. Trial Registration: ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04349072.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)968-977
Number of pages10
JournalJAMA cardiology
Volume8
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 11 2023

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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