It is well-known that with Orbitrap-based Fourier-transform-mass-spectrometry (FT-MS) analysis, longer-time-domain signals are needed to better resolve species of interest. Unfortunately, increasing the signal-acquisition period comes at the expense of increasing ion decay, which lowers signal-to-noise ratios and ultimately limits resolution. This is especially problematic for intact proteins, including antibodies, which demonstrate rapid decay because of their larger collisional cross-sections, and result in more frequent collisions with background gas molecules. Provided here is a method that utilizes numerous low-ion-count spectra and single-ion processing to reconstruct a conventional m/z spectrum. This technique has been applied to proteins varying in molecular weight from 8 to 150 kDa, with a resolving power of 677»000 achieved for transients of carbonic anhydrase (29 kDa) with a duration of only 250 ms. A resolution improvement ranging from 10-to 20-fold was observed for all proteins, providing isotopic resolution where none was previously present.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Analytical Chemistry