The measurement of the left ventricular ejection fraction is important for the evaluation of cardiomyopathy and depends on the measurement of left ventricular volumes. There are no existing conventional echocardiographic means of measuring the true left atrial and ventricular volumes without mathematical approximations. The aim of this study was to test anew real time 3-dimensional echocardiographic system of calculating left atrial and ventricular volumes in 40 patients after in vitro validation. The volumes of the left atrium and ventricle acquired from real time 3-D echocardiography in the apical view, were calculated in 7 sections parallel to the surface of the probe and compared with atrial (10 patients) and ventricular (30 patients) volumes calculated by nuclear magnetic resonance with the simpson method and with volumes of water in balloons placed in a cistern. Linear regression analysis showed an excellent correlation between the real volume of water in the balloons and volumes given in real time 3-dimensional echocardiography (y= 0.94x + 5.5. r= 0.99. p< 0.001, D= -10 ± 4.5 ml). A good correlation was observed between real time 3-dimensional echocardiography and nuclear magnetic resonance for the measurement of left atrial and ventricular volumes (y= 0.95x - 10. r= 0.91, p< 0.001, D= -14.8 ± 19.5 ml and y= 0.87x + 10, r= 0.98, P< 0.001, D= -8.3 ± 18.7 ml, respectively). The authors conclude that real time three-dimensional echocardiography allows accurate measurement of left heart volumes underlying the clinical potential of this new 3-D method.
|Translated title of the contribution||Measurement of left atrial and ventricular volumes in real time 3-D echocardiography. Validation by nuclear magnetic resonance|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Archives des Maladies du Coeur et des Vaisseaux|
|State||Published - Feb 22 2001|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine