Measurement of Physical Activity Among Black and White Obese Women

Robert F. Kushner*, Susan B. Racette, Karen Neil, Dale A. Schoeller

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

45 Scopus citations

Abstract

Several recent self-reported surveys have suggested that African-American women may engage in less leisure-time physical activity (PA) than whites. Objective measurements of PA have not been performed, however. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to compare the components of energy expenditure, including PA, between black and white obese women. Using the doubly labeled water method, total daily energy expenditure (TDEE), basal metabolic rate (BMR), thermic effect of a meal (TEM), and PA were measured in 14 black and 15 white moderately obese women over 2 weeks. No statistically significant differences were seen between the 2 groups in BMR, TEM or TDEE. Mean PA was significantly (p = 0.05) lower among black women compared to whites when expressed as MJ. d-1 (3.49 vs. 4.30) or kJ.kg-1.d-1 (37.6 vs. 47.7). Our study supports the survey differences seen in PA among black and white women.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)261s-265s
JournalObesity Research
Volume3
Issue number2 S
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1995

Keywords

  • basal metabolic rate
  • body weight
  • energy expenditure
  • thermic effect of a meal

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Food Science
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Endocrinology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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