Multiple importance-sampling (IS) was used to measure the Q degradation due to the polarization mode dispersion generated by three programmable differential group delay (DGD) elements with uniform polarization coupling between sections. An emulator was placed in a 10 Gbit/s transmission system, and the impact of polarization mode dispersion (PMD) on the statistics of the system Q for both average and extremely rare PMD events was studied. The measured Q-penalty probability distribution extended to < 10-17 with only 1800 experimental samples.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering