Measurement of the spin-dependent structure function g1(x) of the proton

D. Adams*, B. Adeva, E. Arik, A. Arvidson, B. Badelek, M. K. Ballintijn, G. Bardin, G. Baum, P. Berglund, L. Betev, I. G. Bird, R. Birsa, P. Björkholm, B. E. Bonner, N. de Botton, F. Bradamante, A. Bressan, A. Brüll, S. Bültmann, E. BurtinC. Cavata, M. Clocchiatti, M. D. Corcoran, D. Crabb, J. Cranshaw, M. Crawford, T. Çuhadar, S. Dalla Torre, R. van Dantzig, S. Dhawan, C. Dulya, A. Dyring, S. Eichblatt, J. C. Faivre, D. Fasching, F. Feinstein, C. Fernandez, B. Frois, J. A. Garzon, T. Gaussiran, M. Giorgi, E. von Goeler, G. Gracia, N. de Groot, M. Grosse Perdekamp, E. Gülmez, D. von Harrach, T. Hasegawa, P. Hautle, N. Hayashi, C. A. Heusch, N. Horikawa, V. W. Hughes, G. Igo, S. Ishimoto, T. Iwata, E. M. Kabuß, R. Kaiser, A. Karev, H. J. Kessler, T. J. Ketel, A. Kishi, Yu Kisselev, L. Klostermann, D. Krämer, V. Krivokhijine, V. Kukhtin, J. Kyynäräinen, M. Lamanna, U. Landgraf, K. Lau, T. Layda, M. J. Le Goff, F. Lehar, A. de Lesquen, J. Lichtenstadt, T. Lindqvist, M. Litmaath, S. Lopez-Ponte, M. Lowe, A. Magnon, G. K. Mallot, F. Marie, A. Martin, J. Martino, T. Matsuda, B. Meyes, J. S. McCarthy, K. Medved, G. van Middelkoop, D. Miller, K. Mori, J. Moromisato, A. Nagaitsev, J. Nassalski, L. Naumann, T. O. Niinikoski, J. E J Oberski, D. P. Parks, A. Penzo, C. Perez, F. Perrot-Kunne, D. Peshekhonov, R. Piegaia, L. Pinsky, S. Platchkov, M. Plo, D. Pose, H. Postma, J. Pretz, T. Pussieux, J. Pyrlik, I. Reyhancan, J. M. Rieubland, A. Rijllart, J. B. Roberts, S. Rock, M. Rodriguez, E. Rondio, A. Rosado, I. Sabo, J. Saborido, A. Sandacz, I. Savin, P. Schiavon, K. P. Schüler, R. Segel, R. Seitz, Y. Semertzidis, F. Sever, P. Shanahan, N. Shumeiko, G. Smirnov, A. Staude, A. Steinmetz, U. Stiegler, H. Stuhrmann, K. M. Teichert, F. Tessarotto, M. Velasco, J. Vogt, R. Voss, R. Weinstein, C. Whitten, R. Windmolders, R. Willumeit, W. Wislicki, A. Witzmann, A. M. Zanetti, J. Zhao

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

413 Scopus citations

Abstract

We have measured the spin-dependent structure function g1 p of the proton in deep inelastic scattering of polarized muons off polarized protons, in the kinematic range 0.003 < x < 0.7 and 1 GeV2 < Q2 < 60 GeV2. Its first moment, ∫0 1 g1 p(x)dx, is found to be 0.136±0.011 (stat.)± 0.011 (syst.) at Q2 = 10GeV2. This value is smaller than the prediction of the Ellis-Jaffe sum rule by two standard deviations, and is consistent with previous measurements. A combined analysis of all available proton, deuteron and neutron data confirms the Bjorken sum rule to within 10% of the theoretical value.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)399-406
Number of pages8
JournalPhysics Letters B
Volume329
Issue number2-3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 16 1994

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics

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    Adams, D., Adeva, B., Arik, E., Arvidson, A., Badelek, B., Ballintijn, M. K., Bardin, G., Baum, G., Berglund, P., Betev, L., Bird, I. G., Birsa, R., Björkholm, P., Bonner, B. E., de Botton, N., Bradamante, F., Bressan, A., Brüll, A., Bültmann, S., ... Zhao, J. (1994). Measurement of the spin-dependent structure function g1(x) of the proton. Physics Letters B, 329(2-3), 399-406. https://doi.org/10.1016/0370-2693(94)90793-5