Measuring enjoyment of physical activity in older adults: Invariance of the physical activity enjoyment scale (paces) across groups and time

Sean P. Mullen*, Erin A. Olson, Siobhan M. Phillips, Amanda N. Szabo, Thomas R. Wójcicki, Emily L. Mailey, Neha P. Gothe, Jason T. Fanning, Arthur F. Kramer, Edward McAuley

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

83 Scopus citations


The purpose of this study was to validate the Physical Activity Enjoyment Scale (PACES) in a sample of older adults. Participants within two different exercise groups were assessed at two time points, 6 months apart. Group and longitudinal invariance was established for a novel, 8-item version of the PACES. The shortened, psychometrically sound measure provides researchers and practitioners an expedited and reliable instrument for assessing the enjoyment of physical activity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number103
JournalInternational Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
StatePublished - Sep 27 2011


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

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