Measuring the frequency of inner-experience characteristics by self-report: The Nevada inner experience questionnaire

Christopher L. Heavey, Stefanie A. Moynihan, Vincent P. Brouwers, Leiszle Lapping-Carr, Alek E. Krumm, Jason M. Kelsey, Dio K. Turner, Russell T. Hurlburt*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


Descriptive experience sampling has suggested that there are five frequently occurring phenomena of inner experience: inner speaking, inner seeing, unsymbolized thinking, feelings, and sensory awareness. Descriptive experience sampling is a labor- and skill-intensive procedure, so it would be desirable to estimate the frequency of these phenomena by questionnaire. However, appropriate questionnaires either do not exist or have substantial limitations. We therefore created the Nevada Inner Experience Questionnaire (NIEQ), with five subscales estimating the frequency of each of the frequent phenomena, and examine here its psychometric adequacy. Exploratory factor analysis produced four of the expected factors (inner speaking, inner seeing, unsymbolized thinking, feelings) but did not produce a sensory awareness factor. Confirmatory factor analysis validated the five-factor model. The correlation between an existing self-talk questionnaire (Brinthaupt's Self-Talk Scale) and the NIEQ inner speaking subscale provides one piece of concurrent validation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number2615
JournalFrontiers in Psychology
Issue numberJAN
StatePublished - Jan 11 2019
Externally publishedYes


  • Descriptive experience sampling
  • Feelings
  • Inner experience
  • Inner seeing
  • Inner speech
  • Questionnaire
  • Sensory awareness
  • Unsymbolized thinking

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)


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