The anisotropy of fibrous composite materials makes it difficult to determine their elastic constants nondestructively. Quantitative ultrasonic methods were studied to determine elastic constants of a transversely isotropic laminate. Comprehensive relationships of the measured ultrasonic data and material properties were developed. The mode conversion phenomenon at the specimen-liquid interface with oblique incidence ultrasonic immersion testing provided all the necessary information. Determination of elastic constants was possible by measuring wave speeds and critical angles. Phase velocities were determined by the multiple reflection technique utilizing ultrasonic spectroscopy. A special scanning technique was developed to determine the phase velocities and wave propagation angles in the anisotropic plane from the measured group velocities. The method developed was applied to the characterization of a unidirectional graphite/epoxy composite.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Acoustics and Ultrasonics
- Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)