Mechanical properties of the esophagus in eosinophilic esophagitis

Monika A. Kwiatek, Ikuo Hirano, Peter J. Kahrilas, Jami Rothe, Daniel Luger, John E. Pandolfino

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

229 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background & Aims: This study aimed to analyze the mechanical properties of the esophagus in eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) using the functional luminal imaging probe (EndoFLIP; Crospon Medical Devices, Galway, Ireland). Methods: Thirty-three EoE patients (22 male; age range, 2367 years) and 15 controls (6 male; age range, 2168 years) were included. Subjects were evaluated during endoscopy with the EndoFLIP probe, comprised of a compliant cylindrical bag (maximal diameter 25 mm) with 16 impedance planimetry segments. Stepwise bag distensions from 2 to 40 mL were conducted and the associated intrabag pressure and intraluminal geometry were analyzed. Results: The EndoFLIP clearly displayed the tubular esophageal geometry and detected esophageal narrowing and localized strictures. Stepwise distension progressively opened the esophageal lumen until a distension plateau was reached such that the narrowest cross-sectional area (CSA) of the esophagus maximized despite further increases in intra-bag pressure. The esophageal distensibility (CSA vs pressure) was reduced in EoE patients (P = .02) with the distension plateau of EoE patients substantially lower than that of controls (median: CSA 267 mm2 vs 438 mm2; P < .01). Mucosal eosinophil count, age, sex, and current proton pump inhibitor treatment did not predict this limiting caliber of the esophagus (P < 0.20). Conclusions:: Esophageal distensibility, defined by the change in the narrowest measurable CSA within the distal esophagus vs intraluminal pressure was significantly reduced in EoE patients compared with controls. Measuring esophageal distensibility may be an important adjunct to the management of EoE, as it is capable of providing an objective means to measure the outcomes of medical or dilation therapy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)82-90
Number of pages9
JournalGastroenterology
Volume140
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2011

Keywords

  • Eosinophilic Esophagitis
  • Esophageal Compliance
  • Esophageal Distensibility

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hepatology
  • Gastroenterology

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