Mechanically-Guided Structural Designs in Stretchable Inorganic Electronics

Zhaoguo Xue, Honglie Song, John A. Rogers*, Yihui Zhang, Yonggang Huang

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

120 Scopus citations


Over the past decade, the area of stretchable inorganic electronics has evolved very rapidly, in part because the results have opened up a series of unprecedented applications with broad interest and potential for impact, especially in bio-integrated systems. Low modulus mechanics and the ability to accommodate extreme mechanical deformations, especially high levels of stretching, represent key defining characteristics. Most existing studies exploit structural material designs to achieve these properties, through the integration of hard inorganic electronic components configured into strategic 2D/3D geometries onto patterned soft substrates. The diverse structural geometries developed for stretchable inorganic electronics are summarized, covering the designs of functional devices and soft substrates, with a focus on fundamental principles, design approaches, and system demonstrations. Strategies that allow spatial integration of 3D stretchable device layouts are also highlighted. Finally, perspectives on the remaining challenges and open opportunities are provided.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number1902254
JournalAdvanced Materials
Issue number15
StatePublished - Apr 1 2020


  • inorganic electronics
  • mechanical design
  • soft electronics
  • stretchable electronics
  • structural designs

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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