Mechanism investigation for the influence of tool rotation and laser surface texturing (LST) on formability in single point incremental forming

Dongkai Xu, Weichao Wu, Rajiv Malhotra, Jun Chen, Bin Lu, Jian Cao*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

112 Scopus citations


Single point incremental forming (SPIF) is a new sheet metal forming process which achieves higher formability, greater process flexibility and reduced forming force compared to conventional sheet forming operations due to its characteristic of localized deformation. In recent years, a novel SPIF process assisted by localized friction heat is developed to further improve the material formability. Physically, the frictional heat is generated by the high relative motion at tool-workpiece interface resulted from tool rotation. However, the mechanisms behind formability difference induced by tool rotation at both low and high speed ranges are required to investigate in detail. In this paper, a series of experiments with an increase of tool rotation speeds ranging from 0 to 7000 rpm are conducted to form AA5052-H32 aluminum alloy sheets into a truncated funnel. Additionally, the obtained results are analyzed in terms of formability, forming forces and temperature trends to find out the different roles of friction and heat during the forming process. As a result, the formability behaviors at varying tool rotation speeds can be categorized into four stages according to different reasons. It indicates that friction is the dominant factor in low tool rotation speed range (0-1000 rpm) but will be substituted by thermal effect and potential dynamic recrystallization in high tool rotation speed range (2000-7000 rpm). Furthermore, due to the proved lubrication enhancement and hydrodynamic enhancement generated by surface textures, a laser surface textured forming tool is also utilized to show its influence on forming forces, measured temperatures and the corresponding formability. Finally, it demonstrates that the fabricated laser surface texturing (LST) is capable to reduce the friction at tool-workpiece interface and change the magnitude of heat generation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)37-46
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal of Machine Tools and Manufacture
StatePublished - 2013


  • Formability
  • Laser Surface Texturing (LST)
  • Single Point Incremental Forming (SPIF)
  • Tool Rotation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering


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