Mechanism of action for obtaining job offers with virtual reality job interview training

Matthew J. Smith, Justin D. Smith, Michael F. Fleming, Neil Jordan, C. Hendricks Brown, Laura Humm, Dale Olsen, Morris D. Bell

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


Objective: Four randomized controlled trials revealed that virtual-reality job interview training (VR-JIT) improved interviewing skills and the odds of obtaining a job offer among trainees with severe mental illness or autism spectrum disorder. This study assessed whether postintervention interviewing skills mediated the relationship between completion of virtual interviews and receiving job offers by six-month follow-up. Methods: VR-JIT trainees (N=79) completed pre-And posttest mock interviews and a brief survey approximately six months later to assess whether they received a job offer. Results: As hypothesized, analyses indicated that the number of completed virtual interviews predicted greater posttest interviewing skills (b=.20, 95% posterior credible interval [PCI]=.08-.33), which in turn predicted trainees' obtaining a job offer (b=.28, 95% PCI=.01-.53). Conclusions: VR-JITmay provide amechanismof action that helps trainees with various psychiatric diagnoses obtain job offers in the community. Future research can evaluate the community-based effectiveness of this novel intervention.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)747-750
Number of pages4
JournalPsychiatric Services
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 1 2017

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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