Mechanism of La2CuO4 Solid‐State Powder Reaction by Quantitative XRD and Impedance Spectroscopy

Elizabeth A. Cooper*, Thomas O. Mason

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations


Reaction kinetics for CuO + La2O3→ La2CuO4 were quantified by X‐ray diffraction on quenched samples reacted in air. The rate was successfully modeled by the Valensi‐Carter equation, taking into account the particle size distribution. Kinetics followed diffusion‐limited rather than reaction‐limited behavior; the activation energy was 265 kJ/mol. Conductivity‐time behavior from in situ impedance spectra confirmed the reaction model; CuO rapidly coats the La2O3 particles and produces an La2CuO4 diffusion barrier. This is consistent with the basic assumptions of the Valensi‐Carter equation. It is believed that copper diffusion controls the rate of reaction.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)857-864
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of the American Ceramic Society
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 1995

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Materials Chemistry


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