Progesterone is a steroid hormone that plays an important role in the breast. Progesterone exerts its action through binding to progesterone receptor (PR), a transcription factor. Deregulation of the progesterone signaling pathway is implicated in the formation, development, and progression of breast cancer. Next-generation selective progesterone receptor modulators (SPRMs) have potent antiprogestin activity and are selective for PR, reducing the off-target effects on other nuclear receptors. To date, there is limited information on how the newer generation of SPRMs, specifically telapristone acetate (TPA), affect PR function at the molecular level. In this study, T47D breast cancer cells were used to investigate the molecular mechanism by which TPA antagonizes PR action. Global profiling of the PR cistrome and interactome was done with chromatin immunoprecipitation sequencing (ChIP-seq) and rapid immunoprecipitation mass spectrometry. Validation studies were done on key genes and interactions. Our results demonstrate that treatment with the progestin (R5020) alone resulted in robust PR recruitment to the chromatin, and addition of TPA reduced PR recruitment globally. TPA significantly changed coregulator recruitment to PR compared with R5020. Upon conservative analysis, three proteins (TRPS1, LASP1, and AP1G1) were identified in the R5020+TPA-treated group. Silencing TRPS1 with small interfering RNA increased PR occupancy to the known PR regulatory regions and attenuated the inhibition of gene expression after TPA treatment. TRPS1 silencing alleviated the inhibition of proliferation by TPA. In conclusion, TPA decreases PR occupancy on chromatin and recruits coregulators such as TRPS1 to the PR complex, thereby regulating PR target gene expression and associated cellular responses.
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