Mechanisms of morphological evolution on faceted core-shell nanowire surfaces

Qian Zhang, Jean Noël Aqua, Peter W. Voorhees, Stephen H. Davis*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Core-shell nanowires with radial heterostructures hold great promise in photonic and electronic applications and controlling the formation of these heterostructures in the core-shell conguration remains a challenge. Recently, GaAs nanowires have been used as substrates to create AlGaAs shells. The deposition of the AlGaAs layer leads to the spontaneous formation of Al-rich stripes along certain crystallographic directions and quantum dots near the apexes of the shell. A general two-dimensional model has been developed for the motion of the faceted solid-vapor interfaces for pure materials that accounts for capillarity and deposition. With this model, the growth processes and morphological evolution of shells of nanowires around hexagonal cores (six small facets f112g in the corners of six equivalent facets f110g) are investigated in detail both analytically and numerically. It is found that deposition can yield facets that are not present on the Wul shape. These small facets can have slowly time-varying sizes that can lead to stripe structures and quantum dots depending on the balances between diusion and deposition. The eects of deposition rates and polarity (or asymmetry) on planes f112g on the development of the congurations of nanowires are discussed. The numerical results are compared with experimental results giving almost quantitative agreement, despite the fact that only pure materials are treated herein whereas the experiments deal with alloys.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)73-93
Number of pages21
JournalJournal of the Mechanics and Physics of Solids
Volume91
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2016

Keywords

  • Core-shell nanowire growth
  • Deposition
  • Diffusion
  • Quantum dots/wires
  • Radial heterostructures

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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