Mixed-dimensional van der Waals heterojunctions comprising polymer and two-dimensional (2D) semiconductors have many characteristics of an ideal charge separation interface for optoelectronic and photonic applications. However, the photoelectron dynamics at polymer-2D semiconductor heterojunction interfaces are currently not sufficiently understood to guide the optimization of devices for these applications. This manuscript is a report of a systematic exploration of the time-dependent photophysical processes that occur upon photoexcitation of a type-II heterojunction between the polymer PTB7 and monolayer MoS2. In particular, photoinduced electron transfer from PTB7 to electronically hot states of MoS2 occurs in less than 250 fs. This process is followed by a slower (1-5 ps) exciton diffusion-limited electron transfer from PTB7 to MoS2 with a yield of 58%, and a sub-3-ps photoinduced hole transfer from MoS2 to PTB7. The equilibrium between excitons and polaron pairs in PTB7 determines the charge separation yield, whereas the 3-4 ns lifetime of photogenerated carriers is limited by MoS2 defects. Overall, this work elucidates the mechanisms of ultrafast charge carrier dynamics at PTB7-MoS2 interfaces, which will inform ongoing efforts to exploit polymer-2D semiconductor heterojunctions for photovoltaic and photodetector applications.
|Original language||English (US)|
|State||Published - May 24 2018|
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