Medial Collagen Type and Quantity Influence Mechanical Properties of Aneurysm Wall in Bicuspid Aortic Valve Patients

Louise Neave, Maria Tahir, Miriam Nightingale, Anshul S. Jadli, Vaibhav B. Patel, Alexander J. Barker, S. Chris Malaisrie, Patrick M. McCarthy, Michael Markl, Paul W.M. Fedak, Elena S. Di Martino*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Collagen has an essential role in aortic biomechanics, and collagen remodeling has been associated with the development and progression of aortic aneurysm. However, the exact mechanisms behind collagen remodeling and the biomechanical implications are not well understood. This study presents an investigation of the relationship between collagen remodeling in the aortic wall and biomechanics, by means of collagen assays, smooth muscle cell gene expression, and mechanical testing on human aortic specimens collected from patients with bicuspid aortic valve. Collagen assay analysis was employed to determine collagen-I and total collagen content; quantitative real-time PCR was used to determine amounts COL1A1 and COL3A1 expression in the tissue. These parameters were compared with the local biomechanical properties determined from biaxial and uniaxial tensile testing. Collagen-I content was found to relate to improved mechanical properties, while total collagen content did not exhibit a relationship with biomechanics. COL1A1 and COL3A1 expression were found to relate to the collagen-I content of the tissue, but not the total collagen content or biomechanical performance. Relationships between variables appeared to be dependent on the collagen content in specific layers of the aortic wall. The effect of age is also noted, as total collagen content and biomechanics were found to have significant associations with increasing age, while collagen-I content and collagen gene expression did not exhibit any correlation. Varying relationships were observed when looking at younger versus older patients. Findings highlight the importance of type and location in determining the influence of collagen on aortic biomechanics, as well as the role of gene expression in the onset and progression of collagen remodeling in aortic aneurysm.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number874243
JournalFrontiers in Mechanical Engineering
Volume8
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 29 2022

Keywords

  • aortic aneurysm
  • bicuspid aortic valve
  • collagen remodeling
  • extracellular matrix
  • tissue biomechanics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

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