Medial Discoid Meniscus in Children: A Multicenter Case Series of Clinical Features and Operative Results

PRiSM Meniscus Research Interest Group

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: The discoid medial meniscus is a rare congenital anomaly of the knee. The literature is limited to small case series. Purpose/Hypothesis: Our purpose is to report the clinical manifestations and operative treatments of discoid medial menisci in children from multiple centers in North America. We hypothesized that symptoms and signs, arthroscopic findings, surgical treatments, and outcomes are similar to those for symptomatic discoid lateral menisci. Study Design: Case series; Level of evidence, 4. Methods: A retrospective review identified patients with a diagnosed discoid medial meniscus confirmed at surgery across 8 children’s hospitals between January 2000 and June 2021. The literature on discoid lateral menisci was reviewed and summarized for comparison. Results: A total of 21 patients (9 female, 12 male) with 22 discoid medial menisci were identified. The mean ± SD age at the time of diagnosis was 12.8 ± 3.8 years. The most common symptoms and signs were locking and/or clunking, present in 12 of 22 knees (55%), similar to that reported in patients with discoid lateral menisci. Twelve discoid medial menisci were complete (55%); 8, incomplete (36%); and 2, indeterminate (9%). Tears were present in 13 knees, most commonly horizontal cleavage (54%). Five discoid medial menisci were unstable (23%): 3 for posterior tears and 2 for rim insufficiency. All 22 knees underwent arthroscopic saucerization, and of the 13 torn menisci, 7 (54%) were repaired. The median follow-up was 24 months (range, 2-82 months). Four knees underwent reoperation. All knees that required reoperation had undergone repair for a posteriorly located tear. There was a significant association between operative repair and need for reoperation (P =.0048). High rates of peripheral instability were also noted in case series of patients with discoid lateral menisci. Conclusion: Patient presentations and treatments for those with discoid medial menisci were similar to those reported for patients with discoid lateral menisci. Knees with discoid medial menisci also demonstrated instability attributed to peripheral insufficiency and posterior tears. Tears were present in over half of knees with discoid medial menisci, and reoperation was more common in knees that underwent repair of tears than those without repair.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1171-1176
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Journal of Sports Medicine
Volume51
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2023

Keywords

  • discoid medial meniscus
  • discoid meniscus
  • meniscal repair
  • saucerization
  • surgical outcome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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