Medical countermeasures for children in public health emergencies, disasters, or terrorism

Steven E. Krug, Sarita Chung, Daniel B. Fagbuyi, Margaret C. Fisher, Scott M. Needle, David J. Schonfeld

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Signifi cant strides have been made over the past 10 to 15 years to develop medical countermeasures (MCMs) to address potential disaster hazards, including chemical, biological, radiologic, and nuclear threats. Signifi cant and effective collaboration between the pediatric health community, including the American Academy of Pediatrics, and federal partners, such as the Offi ce of the Assistant Secretary for Preparedness and Response, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Federal Emergency Management Agency, National Institutes of Health, Food and Drug Administration, and other federal agencies, over the past 5 years has resulted in substantial gains in addressing the needs of children related to disaster preparedness in general and MCMs in particular. Yet, major gaps still remain related to MCMs for children, a population highly vulnerable to the effects of exposure to such threats, because many vaccines and pharmaceuticals approved for use by adults as MCMs do not yet have pediatric formulations, dosing information, or safety information. As a result, the nation's stockpiles and other caches (designated supply of MCMs) where pharmacotherapeutic and other MCMs are stored are less prepared to address the needs of children compared with those of adults in the event of a disaster. This policy statement provides recommendations to close the remaining gaps for the development and use of MCMs in children during public health emergencies or disasters. The progress made by federal agencies to date to address the needs of children and the shared commitment of collaboration that characterizes the current relationship between the pediatric health community and the federal agencies responsible for MCMs should encourage all child advocates to invest the necessary energy and resources now to complete the process of remedying the remaining signifi cant gaps in preparedness.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere20154273
JournalPediatrics
Volume137
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2016

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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