Mesophase in a Thiolate-Containing Diacyl Phospholipid Self-Assembled Monolayer

Wangqiang Sun*, Sumit Kewalramani, Karl Hujsak, Heng Zhang, Michael J. Bedzyk, Vinayak P. Dravid, C. Shad Thaxton

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


Maintaining the intrinsic features of mesophases is critically important when employing phospholipid self-assemblies to mimic biomembranes. Inorganic solid surfaces provide platforms to support, guide, and analyze organic self-assemblies but impose upon them a tendency to form well-ordered phases not often found in biomembranes. To address this, we measured mesophase formation in a thiolate self-assembled monolayer (SAM) of diacyl phospholipid, 1,2-dipalmitoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphothioethanol (DPPTE) on Au(111), and provide thermodynamic analysis on the mixing behavior of inequivalent DPPTE acyl chains. Our work has uncovered three fundamental issues that enable mesophase formation: (1) Elimination of templating effects of the solid surface, (2) Weakening intermolecular and molecule-substrate interactions in adsorbates, and (3) Equilibrium through entropy-driven self-assembly. Thus, our work provides a more holistic understanding of phase behavior, from liquid phases to mesophases to highly crystalline phases, in organic self-assemblies on solid surfaces, which may extend their applications in nanodevices and to the wider fields of biology and medicine. (Figure Presented).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3232-3241
Number of pages10
Issue number10
StatePublished - Mar 17 2015

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • General Materials Science
  • Spectroscopy
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Electrochemistry


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