Metabolic outcomes of surgery in youth with type 2 diabetes

Amy S. Shah*, Kristen J. Nadeau, Michael A. Helmrath, Thomas H. Inge, Stavra A. Xanthakos, Megan M. Kelsey

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


Youth-onset type 2 diabetes (T2D) is a formidable threat to the health of obese adolescents because of its potential for early-onset and aggressive co-morbidities and complications. The physiology of youth-onset T2D differs from T2D in adults and is associated with a greater degree of insulin resistance, a more rapid decline in pancreatic β-cell function, and a poorer response to medications. Medical management in youth is focused on combining lifestyle intervention and pharmacological treatment, but these therapies have yet to demonstrate improvements in disease progression. Metabolic bariatric surgery (MBS) is now recommended for the treatment of T2D in adults largely because of the beneficial effects on weight, ability to improve glycemic control, and, in a large proportion of people, induce diabetes remission. MBS is now being performed in adolescents with severe obesity and T2D, with initial results also showing high rates of T2D remission. Here, we review the state of medical management of youth-onset T2D and the outcomes of MBS studies in youth with T2D published to date.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number150893
JournalSeminars in Pediatric Surgery
Issue number1
StatePublished - Feb 2020


  • Bariatric surgery
  • Insulin resistance
  • Severe obesity
  • Type 2 diabetes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Surgery


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