Metabotropic glutamate agonist-induced rotation: A pharmacological, FOS immunohistochemical, and [14C]-2- deoxyglucose autoradiographic study

Jennifer A Feeley Kearney, Kirk A. Frey, Roger L. Albin*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

79 Scopus citations

Abstract

Metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluRs) are a major class of excitatory amino acid receptors. Eight mGluR subtypes, coupled to a variety of effector systems, have been cloned. These receptors have been classified into three groups based on amino acid sequence homology, effector systems, and pharmacological profile. Group I mGluRs increase phosphoinositide turnover, whereas groups II and III mGluRs are negatively coupled to adenylyl cyclase. The striatum possesses a high density of mGluR binding sites, and several mGluR mRNAs and proteins are expressed by striatal neurons. In rats, unilateral striatal injection of the nonsubtype selective mGluR agonist 1- aminocyclopentane-1S,3R-dicarboxylic acid (1S,3R-ACPD) results in contralateral rotation with delayed onset, thought to be secondary to an increase in dopamine release. We sought to determine the mGluR subtype(s) involved, the modulation of the rotation by other basal ganglia neurotransmitter systems, and the functional anatomy underlying the rotational behavior. The group I mGluR agonist 3,5-dihydroxyphenylglycine (DHPG) induced contralateral rotation in a dose-dependent manner, whereas group II and group III agonists were ineffective. Rotation induced by DHPG or 1S,3R-ACPD was attenuated by group I antagonists, but not by group II or group III antagonists. This suggests that the rotation is mediated by group I mGluRs. Rotation induced by DHPG or 1S,3R-ACPD was attenuated by pretreatment with antagonists at muscarinic cholinergic, adenosine A2, dopamine D2, or dopamine D1 receptors. Examination of FOS-like immunoreactivity after group I and group II mGluR agonist administration suggests increased activity in the striatopallidal pathway. However, [14C]-2-deoxyglucose uptake studies indicate increased activity in nuclei of the striatopallidal (indirect) pathway, particularly in the subthalamic nucleus, only after group I mGluR activation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4415-4425
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Neuroscience
Volume17
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - 1997

Keywords

  • adenosine A2 receptors
  • basal ganglia
  • dopamine
  • metabotropic glutamate receptor
  • muscarinic receptors
  • striatum
  • subthalamic nucleus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

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