Metal-Organic Frameworks against Toxic Chemicals

Timur Islamoglu, Zhijie Chen, Megan C. Wasson, Cassandra T. Buru, Kent O. Kirlikovali, Unjila Afrin, Mohammad Rasel Mian, Omar K. Farha*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

57 Scopus citations


Materials capable of the safe and efficient capture or degradation of toxic chemicals, including chemical warfare agents (CWAs) and toxic industrial chemicals (TICs), are critically important in the modern age due to continuous threats of these chemicals to human life, both directly and indirectly. Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs), atomically precise hybrid materials that are synthesized via the self-assembly of metal cations or clusters and organic linkers, offer a unique solid adsorbent design platform due to their great synthetic versatility. This review will focus on recent advancements in MOF-based adsorbent design for protection against chemical warfare agents (organophosphorus nerve agents, blistering agents, and their simulants) and toxic industrial chemicals such as H2S, NH3, SO2, CO, NO2, and NO.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)8130-8160
Number of pages31
JournalChemical Reviews
Issue number16
StatePublished - Aug 26 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)

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