Metastable fe/s clusters. the synthesis, electronic structure, and transformations of the [Fe6S6(L)6]3~clusters (L = Cl-, Br~, I-, RS~, RO-) and the structure of [(C2H5)4N]3[Fe6S6Cl6]

M. G. Kanatzidis, W. R. Hagen, W. R. Dunham, R. K. Lester, D. Coucouvanis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

111 Scopus citations


A series of new novel [Fe6S6(L)6]3-clusters (L = Cl. Br, I, Sc6H4-P-Ch3, Oc6H4-P-Ch3)have been synthesized and characterized as their Et4N+ salts. The crystal structure of (Et4N)3Fe6S6Cl6.CH3CN (I) is described in detail. The latter crystallizes in the C2/c space group with cell constants a = 20.092 (5) Å, b = 17.937 (6) Å, c = 13.790 (4) Å, β = 91.33 (2)°, Z = 4, and V — 4968 Å3. The structure was solved by conventional methods from 2604 reflections and was refined by full-matrix least-squares techniques (206 parameters) to a final R value of 0.047. The anion in I contains the new [Fe6S6]3+distorted hexagonal prismatic core which consists of alternating tetrahedral Fe and triply bridging S atoms. Three of the Fe coordination sites are occupied by core sulfide atoms while the fourth coordination site is Filled by the terminal chloride ligands. There are two sets of Fe Fe distances and Fe-S-Fe angles in the Fe6S6 core with mean values of 2.765 (3) Å, 3.790 (8) Å and 74.7 (1)°, 113.2 (3)°, respectively. The [Fe6S6]3+core appears to be a metastable entity and is easily transformed, upon heating, to the thermodynamically more stable [Fe4S4]2+core. The chemical properties and electronic spectra of these clusters are reported. The clusters in CH2Cl2 solution display a reversible 3-/2-couple and an irreversible 3-/4-couple. Zero Field and magnetically perturbed Mossbauer spectra are reported for all clusters. Their isomer shift and quadrupole splitting values are quite similar to those in the corresponding (Fe4S4(L)4)2- cubane clusters. The (Fe6S6(L)6)3-prismane clusters exhibit characteristic electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectra (9 K) indicative of S =1/2 ground states. The Mossbauer and EPR results, in conjunction with magnetic susceptibility data in the 1.5-300 K temperature range for I, also are consistent with an S =1/2 ground state. The biological implications of the [Fe6S6] cores are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)953-961
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Issue number4
StatePublished - Feb 1985

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Biochemistry
  • Colloid and Surface Chemistry


Dive into the research topics of 'Metastable fe/s clusters. the synthesis, electronic structure, and transformations of the [Fe6S6(L)6]3~clusters (L = Cl-, Br~, I-, RS~, RO-) and the structure of [(C2H5)4N]3[Fe6S6Cl6]'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this