Methods of development of a three dimensional model of the normal female pelvic floor

M. Parikh*, M. S. Damaser, M. L. Rasmussen, L. Brubaker, C. Salomon, K. Sakamoto, R. Evenhouse

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


The anatomy of the pelvic floor is complex and the structures interact in non-obvious ways to maintain continence. Thus, a visualizable model would help our understanding of this part of the body. The goal of this project was to establish the methods necessary to develop a static three-dimensional (3-D) model of the normal female pelvic floor. An asymptomatic nulliparous twenty-three year old female with no urinary incontinence symptoms underwent a pelvic floor MRI scan. Manual segmentations were done of selected pelvic floor structures: bladder, urethra, vagina, uterus, cervix, levator ani, obturator externus, obturator internus, and pubic bone (Mimics, Materialise). 3 clinicians verified accuracy of the 3-D models. With high-resolution scans, accurate segmentation of the structures was possible. Three-dimensional models of the female pelvic floor could enhance our understanding of anatomy. They can be used as tools for research and teaching, facilitating improved treatment of pelvic floor pathologies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2414-2415
Number of pages2
JournalAnnual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology - Proceedings
StatePublished - 2002
EventProceedings of the 2002 IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology 24th Annual Conference and the 2002 Fall Meeting of the Biomedical Engineering Society (BMES / EMBS) - Houston, TX, United States
Duration: Oct 23 2002Oct 26 2002


  • Anatomy
  • Female
  • Model
  • Pelvic floor
  • Three-dimensional

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Signal Processing
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
  • Health Informatics


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