Methods to Improve the Selection and Tailoring of Implementation Strategies

Byron J. Powell*, Rinad S. Beidas, Cara C. Lewis, Gregory A. Aarons, J. Curtis McMillen, Enola K. Proctor, David S. Mandell

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

479 Scopus citations


Implementing behavioral health interventions is a complicated process. It has been suggested that implementation strategies should be selected and tailored to address the contextual needs of a given change effort; however, there is limited guidance as to how to do this. This article proposes four methods (concept mapping, group model building, conjoint analysis, and intervention mapping) that could be used to match implementation strategies to identified barriers and facilitators for a particular evidence-based practice or process change being implemented in a given setting. Each method is reviewed, examples of their use are provided, and their strengths and weaknesses are discussed. The discussion includes suggestions for future research pertaining to implementation strategies and highlights these methods’ relevance to behavioral health services and research.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)177-194
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of Behavioral Health Services and Research
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 1 2017

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health Policy


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