Methylation of TFPI-2 gene is not the sole cause of its silencing.

Chilukuri N. Rao*, Takehiko Segawa, Jason R. Navari, Linda Xu, Shiv Srivastava, Judd W. Moul, Benette Phillips

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations


TFPI-2 (tissue factor pathway inhibitor-2) is a serine protease inhibitor that may suppress tumor cell invasion and metastasis. TFPI-2 expression is often lost in cells derived from tumors of diverse organs. We have examined whether aberrant hypermethylation of the 5' end of the TFPI-2 gene is associated with its loss of expression. After 5-azacytidine treatment of three cell lines lacking TFPI-2 expression (HT1080 fibrosarcoma cells, MCF-7 breast carcinoma cells, and LNCaP prostate carcinoma cells), TFPI-2 transcripts could be detected by RT-PCR. In these three cell lines, methylation of the 5' end of the TFPI-2 gene was detected, while two prostate carcinoma cell lines in which the TFPI-2 gene was expressed, PC-3 and DU-145, showed no methylation. However, all the three cell lines which lacked TFPI-2 expression also contained unmethylated TFPI-2 alleles. Furthermore, a transiently transfected TFPI-2 promoter was non-functional in the three cell lines, but function was attained following treatment with 5-azacytidine. Our results indicate that while methylation of the TFPI-2 gene is associated with its silencing, it is not the sole cause, and we suggest that one or more components of pathways regulating TFPI-2 expression have also undergone methylation-associated silencing in these cell lines.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)843-848
Number of pages6
JournalInternational journal of oncology
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 2003

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research


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