Background Greater poststroke disability and U.S. employment policies may disadvantage minority stroke survivors from returning to work. We explored ethnic differences in return to work among Mexican Americans (MAs) and non-Hispanic whites (NHWs) working at the time of their stroke. Methods Stroke patients were identified from the population-based BASIC (Brain Attack Surveillance in Corpus Christi) study from August 2011 to December 2013. Employment status was obtained at baseline and 90-day interviews. Sequential logistic regression models were built to assess ethnic differences in return to work after accounting for the following: (1) age (<65 versus ≥65); (2) sex; (3) 90-day National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS); and (4) education (lower than high school versus high school or higher). Results Of the 729 MA and NHW stroke survivors who completed the baseline interview, 197 (27%) were working at the time of their stroke, of which 125 (63%) completed the 90-day outcome interview. Forty-nine (40%) stroke survivors returned to work by 90 days. MAs were less likely to return to work (OR = .45, 95% CI.22-.94) than NHWs. The ethnic difference became nonsignificant after adjusting for NIHSS (OR = .59, 95% CI.24-1.44) and further attenuated after adjusting for education (OR = .85, 95% CI.32- 2.22). Conclusions The majority of stroke survivors did not return to work within 90 days of their stroke. MA stroke survivors were less likely to return to work after stroke than NHW stroke survivors which was due to their greater neurological deficits and lower educational attainment compared with that of NHW stroke survivors. Future work should focus on clinical and policy efforts to reduce ethnic disparities in return to work.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases|
|State||Published - Aug 1 2016|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine