Micro-resonator loss computation using conformal-transformation and active-lasing FDTD approach and applications to tangential/radial output waveguide optimization II: FDTD approach

Xiangyu Li*, Fang Ou, Yingyan Huang, Seng-Tiong Ho

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

In Part I, we showed that the radiation loss that is intrinsic loss of micro-resonator laser can be accurately computed by conformal-transformation method. However, estimating the scattering loss with analytical method is difficult because of the complicated boundary roughness pattern. In Part II here, we propose a numerical method to accurately calculate the radiation loss and scattering loss of microdisk laser with our MLME Finite-Difference Time-Domain (FDTD) method. The radiation loss and scattering loss are competing factors affecting the cavity Q factor. The radiation loss is the major loss in small disk (diameter <∼2 μm) while the scattering loss is the more significant loss in large disk (diameter >∼2 μm). We discuss how to compute the cavity Q factors of planar microdisk using our active-lasing FDTD method and study the correlation between the cavity Q factor and the size and edge roughness of the microdisk laser. We show that although the cavity Q factor of smaller microdisk (diameter <∼2 μm) increases exponentially with the disk diameter due to radiation loss, the cavity Q factor of larger-diameter microdisks (diameter >∼2 μm) approaches a constant value that is limited by the optical scattering loss due to the etched sidewall roughness. The cavity Q factors obtained from these simulations that include the surface scattering losses are in good agreement with the typical cavity Q factors obtained in experiment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)447-454
Number of pages8
JournalOptics Communications
Volume291
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 15 2013

Keywords

  • Cavity Q factor
  • Finite-Difference Time-Domain (FDTD)
  • Loss mechanism
  • Microdisk laser
  • Radiation loss
  • Scattering loss

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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