Microanalytical Determination of ZnO Solidus and Liquidus Boundaries in the ZnO‐Bi2O3 System

Jin‐Ha ‐H Hwang*, Thomas O. Mason, Vinayak P. Dravid

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Scopus citations


ZnO solidus and liquidus boundaries in the ZnO‐Bi2O3 system were investigated via analytical electron microscopy (AEM), electron probe microanalysis (EPMA), and secondary ion mass spectrometry (SIMS). The Bi2O3 solubility is highest—0.24 ± 0.04 mol%—at the eutectic temperature of 740°C and decreases rapidly with increasing temperature. Detection limits and quantification procedures of X‐ray microanalysis (AEM, EPMA) and ion microanalysis (SIMS) are discussed with respect to the determination of phase diagrams involving low solubility phases.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1499-1504
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of the American Ceramic Society
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jan 1 1994

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Materials Chemistry


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