The recent explosion in the implementation of genome-wide microarray technology to discover rare, pathogenic genomic rearrangements in a variety of diseases has led to the discovery of numerous microdeletion syndromes. It is now clear that these microdeletions are associated with extensive phenotypic heterogeneity and incomplete penetrance. A subset of recurrent microdeletions underpin diverse phenotypes, including intellectual disability, autism, epilepsy and neuropsychiatric disorders. Recent studies highlight a role for additional low frequency variants, or 'second hits' to account for this variability. The implementation of massively parallel sequencing and epigenetic models may provide a powerful prospective approach to the delineation of microdeletion syndrome phenotypes.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Developmental Biology