Microplane model for concrete. I: Stress-strain boundaries and finite strain

Zdeněk P. Bažant*, Yuyin Xiang, Pere C. Prat

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

145 Scopus citations


The paper presents an improvement of the microplane model for concrete - a constitutive model in which the nonlinear triaxial behavior is characterized by relations between the stress and strain components on a microplane of any orientation under the constraint that the strains on the rnicroplane are the projections of the macroscopic strain tensor. The improvement is achieved by a new concept: the stress-strain boundaries, which can never be exceeded. The advantage of this new concept is that various boundaries and the elastic behavior can be defined as a function of different variables (strain components). Thus, whereas for compression the stress-strain boundaries are defined on the microplanes separately for volumetric and deviatoric components, for tension an additional boundary is defined in terms of the total normal strains. This is necessary to achieve a realistic triaxial response at large tensile strains. For microplane shear, a friction law with cohesion is introduced. The present model is simpler than the previous microplane model. Finally, the microplane model is generalized to finite, but only moderately large, strains. Verification and calibration by text data are left to a subsequent companion paper.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)245-254
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Engineering Mechanics
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 1996

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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