Microplane triad model for simple and accurate prediction of orthotropic elastic constants of woven fabric composites

Kedar Kirane, Marco Salviato, Zdeněk P. Bažant*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Scopus citations


An accurate prediction of the orthotropic elastic constants of woven composites from the constituent properties can be achieved if the representative unit cell is subdivided into a large number of finite elements. But this would be prohibitive for microplane analysis of structures consisting of many representative unit cells when material damage alters the elastic constants in each time step in every element. This study shows that predictions almost as accurate and sufficient for practical purposes can be achieved in a much simpler and more efficient manner by adapting to woven composites the well-established microplane model, in a partly similar way as recently shown for braided composites. The undulating fill and warp yarns are subdivided into segments of different inclinations and, in the center of each segment, one microplane is placed normal to the yarn. As a new idea, a microplane triad is formed by adding two orthogonal microplanes parallel to the yarn, one of which is normal to the plane of the laminate. The benefit of the microplane approach is that it is easily extendable to damage and fracture. The model is shown to give realistic predictions of the full range of the orthotropic elastic constants for plain, twill, and satin weaves and is extendable to hybrid weaves and braids.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1247-1260
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Composite Materials
Issue number9
StatePublished - Apr 1 2016


  • Fabrics/textiles
  • computational modeling
  • deformation
  • laminates
  • mechanical properties
  • microstructures
  • stress analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Materials Chemistry


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