Microstructure optimization with constrained design objectives using machine learning-based feedback-aware data-generation

Arindam Paul*, Pinar Acar, Wei keng Liao, Alok Choudhary, Veera Sundararaghavan, Ankit Agrawal

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations


Microstructure sensitive design has a critical impact on the performance of engineering materials. The safety and performance requirements of critical components, as well as the cost of material and machining of Titanium components, make dovetailing of the microstructure imperative. This paper addresses the optimization of several microstructure design problems for Titanium components under specific design constraints using a feedback-aware data-driven solution methodology. In this study, the microstructure is modeled with an orientation distribution function (ODF) that measures the volumes of different crystallographic orientations. Two algorithms are used to sample the entire microstructure space followed by machine learning-aided identification of a minimal subset of ODF dimensions which is subsequently explored by targeted sampling. Conventional optimization methods lead to a unique microstructure rather than yielding a comprehensive space of optimal or near-optimal microstructures. Multiple solutions are crucial for the deployment of materials design for manufacturing as traditional manufacturing processes can only generate a limited set of microstructures. Our data sampling-based methodology not only outperforms or is on par with other optimization techniques in terms of the optimal property value, but also provides numerous near-optimal solutions, 3–4 orders of magnitude more than previous methods. Consequently, the proposed framework delivers a spectrum of optimal solutions in the microstructure space which can accelerate materials development and reduce manufacturing costs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)334-351
Number of pages18
JournalComputational Materials Science
StatePublished - Apr 1 2019

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science(all)
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Computational Mathematics

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