Microwave-assisted protection of primary amines as 2,5-dimethylpyrroles and their orthogonal deprotection

Amit Walia, Soosung Kang, Richard B. Silverman*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations


Primary amines can be readily doubly protected as N-substituted 2,5-dimethylpyrroles. Although this protecting group is stable toward strong bases and nucleophiles, long reaction times are required for both the protection and deprotection steps, generally resulting in low deprotection yields. By employing microwave irradiation, protection and deprotection reaction times are dramatically reduced. Furthermore, deprotection with dilute hydrochloric acid in ethanol increases reaction yields. Diverse deprotection conditions have been developed in conjunction with microwave irradiation, so that protection as an N-substituted 2,5-dimethylpyrrole can be orthogonal to other standard amine protecting groups, such as tert-butyloxycarbonyl (Boc), carbobenzyloxy (Cbz), and 9-fluorenylmethyloxycarbonyl (Fmoc).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)10931-10937
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Organic Chemistry
Issue number21
StatePublished - Nov 1 2013

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Organic Chemistry

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