Autosomal recessive muscular dystrophy is genetically heterogeneous. One form of this disorder, limb-girdle muscular dystrophy type 2C (LGMD 2C), is prevalent in northern Africa and has been shown to be associated with a single mutation in the gene encoding the dystrophin-associated protein γ- sarcoglycan. The previous mutation analysis of γ-sarcoglycan required the availability of muscle biopsies. To establish a mutation assay for genomic DNA, the intron-exon structure of the γ-sarcoglycan gene was determined, and primers were designed to amplify each of the exons encoding γ-sarcoglycan. We studied a group of Brazilian muscular dystrophy patients for mutations in the γ-sarcoglycan gene. These patients were selected on the basis of autosomal inheritance and/or the presence of normal dystrophin and/or deficiency of α-sarcoglycan immunostaining. Four of 19 patients surveyed had a single, homozygous mutation in the γ-sarcoglycan gene. The mutation identified in these patients, all of African-Brazilian descent, is identical to that seen in the North African population, suggesting that even patients of remote African descent may carry this mutation. The phenotype in these patients varied considerably. Of four families with an identical mutation, three have a severe Duchenne-like muscular dystrophy. However, one family has much milder symptoms, suggesting that other loci may be present that modify the severity of the clinical course resulting from γ-sarcoglycan gene mutations.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||American journal of human genetics|
|State||Published - 1996|
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