Mindfulness and Behaviour Therapy for Insomnia: An Assessment of Treatment Effect in a Sleep Disorders Clinic Population with Insomnia

Allie Peters, John Reece*, Hailey Meaklim, Moira Junge, David Cunnington, Jason C. Ong, Mervyn Jackson, Kenneth Mark Greenwood

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Insomnia is a common major health concern, which causes significant distress and disruption in a person's life. The objective of this paper was to evaluate a 6-week version of Mindfulness-Based Therapy for Insomnia (MBTI) in a sample of people attending a sleep disorders clinic with insomnia, including those with comorbidities. Thirty participants who met the DSM-IV-TR diagnosis of insomnia participated in a 6-week group intervention. Outcome measures were a daily sleep diary and actigraphy during pre-treatment and follow-up, along with subjective sleep outcomes collected at baseline, end-of-treatment, and 3-month follow-up. Trend analyses showed that MBTI was associated with a large decrease in insomnia severity (p <.001), with indications of maintenance of treatment effect. There were significant improvements in objective sleep parameters, including sleep onset latency (p =.005), sleep efficiency (p =.033), and wake after sleep onset (p =.018). Significant improvements in subjective sleep parameters were also observed for sleep efficiency (p =.005) and wake after sleep onset (p <.001). Overall, this study indicated that MBTI can be successfully delivered in a sleep disorders clinic environment, with evidence of treatment effect for both objective and subjective measures of sleep.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalBehaviour Change
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2020

Keywords

  • MBTI
  • insomnia
  • intervention
  • mindfulness
  • sleep
  • treatment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Clinical Psychology

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