Hysterectomy is one of the most commonly performed surgeries worldwide. Indication for hysterectomy is most often benign, which includes conditions such as prolapse, abnormal uterine bleeding, fibroids and pelvic pain. A broad range of surgical approaches exists for hysterectomy, ranging from open to minimally invasive techniques. Under this minimally invasive umbrella, the following techniques are included: vaginal hysterectomy, laparoscopic hysterectomy, and variations of those two techniques, such as laparoscopic-assisted vaginal hysterectomy, robotic-assisted hysterectomy, laparo-endoscopic single-site laparoscopic hysterectomy, mini-laparoscopic hysterectomy, and natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery hysterectomy. As hysterectomy is being performed increasingly via a minimally invasive route, it is important that gynecologists are familiar with the established as well as emerging techniques for minimally invasive hysterectomy (MIH). Surgical planning is a complex process, which requires an in depth and informed conversation between a patient and her physician. Patient preferences, surgeon skill and indication for surgery all should be taken into consideration when determining the most appropriate surgical approach. This article will review the different routes of MIH. Perioperative considerations will be discussed, as will the advantages and disadvantages of each minimally invasive approach.
- Minimally invasive surgical procedures
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Obstetrics and Gynecology