Mismatch strain programmed shape transformation of curved bilayer-flexible support assembly

Arif M. Abdullah, Kewang Nan, John A. Rogers, K. Jimmy Hsia*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations


Shape transformation in three dimensional (3D) structures is of interest in the design of engineered systems capable of accomplishing particular tasks that are unachievable by two dimensional (2D) architectures or static 3D ones. One approach involves the incorporation of stimuli responsive materials into the structural assembly to induce such transformations. In this work, we investigate the transformation of a curved bilayer ribbon supported by a flexible assembly that belongs to a family of complex three dimensional architectures. Through finite element analysis, we identified key design parameters and their effects on the deformation behavior of the assembly when it is subjected to an external stimuli in the form of a mismatch strain. Our results show that the behavior of the curved bilayer in response to the stimuli could be tuned by controlling the structural properties of the assembly. Our calculations also reveal a diverse set of deformation mechanisms including gradual flipping, snapping and creasing of the curved bilayer under specific circumstances. The design principles established in this work could be used to engineer 3D sensors, actuators for traditional and soft robotics, electronic device components, metamaterials, energy storage and harvesting devices with on-demand functional capabilities enabled by 3D transformations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)34-41
Number of pages8
JournalExtreme Mechanics Letters
StatePublished - Jun 1 2016


  • 3D architecture
  • Finite element analysis
  • Mechanical instability
  • Programmable matter
  • Shape transformation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • Chemical Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


Dive into the research topics of 'Mismatch strain programmed shape transformation of curved bilayer-flexible support assembly'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this