Mitochondria in the regulation of innate and adaptive immunity

Samuel E. Weinberg, Laura A. Sena, Navdeep S. Chandel*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

308 Scopus citations

Abstract

Mitochondria are well appreciated for their role as biosynthetic and bioenergetic organelles. In the past two decades, mitochondria have emerged as signaling organelles that contribute critical decisions about cell proliferation, death, and differentiation. Mitochondria not only sustain immune cell phenotypes but also are necessary for establishing immune cell phenotype and their function. Mitochondria can rapidly switch from primarily being catabolic organelles generating ATP to anabolic organelles that generate both ATP and building blocks for macromolecule synthesis. This enables them to fulfill appropriate metabolic demands of different immune cells. Mitochondria have multiple mechanisms that allow them to activate signaling pathways in the cytosol including altering in AMP/ATP ratio, the release of ROS and TCA cycle metabolites, as well as the localization of immune regulatory proteins on the outer mitochondrial membrane. In this Review, we discuss the evidence and mechanisms that mitochondrial dependent signaling controls innate and adaptive immune responses. Mitochondria participate in immune-cell signaling through production of reactive oxygen species, metabolite availability, and by physically acting as scaffolding for protein interaction. Chandel and colleagues provide an overview of these data and propose that mitochondrial metabolism is a central regulator of immune-cell fate and function.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)406-417
Number of pages12
JournalImmunity
Volume42
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 17 2015

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology
  • Infectious Diseases

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