A hallmark of advanced prostate cancer (PC) is the concomitant loss of PTEN and p53 function. To selectively eliminate such cells, we screened cytotoxic compounds on Pten −/− ;Trp53 −/− fibroblasts and their Pten-WT reference. Highly selective killing of Pten-null cells can be achieved by deguelin, a natural insecticide. Deguelin eliminates Pten-deficient cells through inhibition of mitochondrial complex I (CI). Five hundred-fold higher drug doses are needed to obtain the same killing of Pten-WT cells, even though deguelin blocks their electron transport chain equally well. Selectivity arises because mitochondria of Pten-null cells consume ATP through complex V, instead of producing it. The resulting glucose dependency can be exploited to selectively kill Pten-null cells with clinically relevant CI inhibitors, especially if they are lipophilic. In vivo, deguelin suppressed disease in our genetically engineered mouse model for metastatic PC. Our data thus introduce a vulnerability for highly selective targeting of incurable PC with inhibitors of CI. Naguib et al. find that Pten-null cells are highly vulnerable to mitochondrial complex I inhibition under conditions in which Pten-WT cells remain perfectly viable. They suggest that such an approach could serve as a blueprint for selective targeting of lethal Pten-deficient metastatic prostate cancer.
- ATP synthase
- complex I
- prostate cancer
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)